TCM(traditional Chinese medicine) Treatment Guide in China

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Acupuncture and moxibustion are important component procedures in TCM which prevent and treat diseases by means of needling certain acupoints located on the body with metallic neeedles or stimulating certain regions on the body by applying heat with ignited moxa wool.Since they are highly effective,simple in performance and low in cost,they have been widely used in China and countries around the China for thousands of years.

The application of acupuncture and moxibustion through stimulating certain acupoints on the human body is to activate the meridians and collaterals and to regulate the functionof the internal organs,qi and blood so as to prevent and treat diseases.

Experiments have proved that acupuncture and moxibustion can strengthen the certral nervous system and especially reinforce the action of the sympathetic nervous system and cerebral cortex which control all the tissues and organs of the human body.For instance,acupuncture and moxibustion can regulate heart beat,body temperature,blood pressure and respiration;relieve muscle spasm and numbness;treat disorders of exocrine and endocrine secretions;and promote secretion of the glands,such as pituitary,thyroid,parathyroid,adrenic,sweat,pancreatic and digestive glands.

The treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion is based on acupoints.Acupoints are the regions where qi and blood from the viscera and meridians effuse and infuse beneath the body surface,usually located in the interstices of the thick muscles or between tendons and bones.Acupoints generally can be classified into three categories,i.e,meridian aucpoints,extraordinary acupoints and Ashi acupoints.

Meridian acupoints,also known as acupoints of the fourteen meridians,refer to the acupoints located on twelve meridians as well as the governor and conception vessels.Meridian acupoints,the main part of the acupoints and frequently selected for acupuncture treatment,pertain to definite meridians with fixed names and locations.

Extraordinary acupunts refer to the acupoints excluding the ones located on the fourteen meridians.These acupoints have definite locations and names and are effective in treating certain disease.But they usually do not pertain to any meridians.However,the extraordinary acupoints and meridian acupoints are closedly related to each other.Some extraordianary acupoints include certain meridian acupoints.

Ashi acupoints actually refer to tenderness.Such acupoints are characterized by absence offixed locations,definite names and pertaining meridians.

In acupuncture and moxibustion,there are still some specific acupoints that are located on the fourteen meridians with special curative effects.A majority of these acupoints have special efficacy and are commonly used in clinical treatment.

There are ten types of special acupoints including five Shu acupoints,Yuan-Source acupoints,Luo-Connective acupoints,Lower He-Sea acupoints,Xi-Cleft acupoints and eight convergence acupoints below the knees and elbows;Back-Shu acupoints and Front-Mu acupoints located on the trunk;as well as eight confluent acupoints and crossing acupoints located on the whole body.

The five Shu acupoints refer to Jing-Well,Ying-Spring,Shu-Stream,Jing-River and He-Sea which are five acupoints located on twelve meridians below the knees and elbows.

The Yuan-Source acupoints,as the regions where the primanry qi of the viscera flows through and retains,are usually located around the wrists and ankles.Those points can reflect the pathological changes of the viscera.Therefore,they are clinically used to diagnose and treat the disorders of the related viscera.

The Luo-Connecting acupoints refer to the acupoints from which the fifteen collaterals stem from the twelve meridians,the governor and conception vessels as well as the major collateral of the spleen.All the Luo-Connecting acupoints of the twelve meridians are located below the elbows and knees.These aupoints are used to treat disorders of the regions that the meridians and collaterals run through as well as to those that the meridians are externally and internally related to each other.

The Xi-Cleft acupoints are the sites where qi and blood from the meridians are deeply converged.Each of the twelve meridians and the four extraordinary meridians has a Xi-Cleft acupoint on the limbs,amounting to sixteen in all.All the Xi-cleft acupoints,except Liangqiu(ST 34) on the stomach meridian,are all situated below the knees and elbows.Clinically,Xi-Cleft acupoints are used to treat severe acute disorders of meridians.The Xi-Cleft acupoints on the yin meridians are usually used to treat various blood syndromes and the Xi-Cleft acupoints on the yang meridians are often used to treat various pain syndromes.

The eight confluent acupoints refer to the eight acupoints on the twelve meridians that are connected with the eight extraordinary meridians.These eight acupoints are all located below the knees and elbows and are used to treat disorders involving the face,head and trunk related to the eight extraordinary meridians.

The lower He-Sea acupoints refer to the six acupoints located on the three yang meridians of the foot where qi from the six fu-organs converge.They are the key acupoints for treating the disorders of the six fu-organs.

The Back-Shu acupoints are located on the back and waist along the first lateral line of the bladder meridian(1.5 cun lateral to the back midline).And they are the regions where qi fo the viscera is infused.The distributing order of Back-Shu acupointsis similar to that of the location of the zang-organs and fu-organs.Clinically,these acupoints are used to treat the disorders of the related viscera,tissues and organs.

The Front-Muacupoints are those located on the chest and abdomen where qi of the viscera infuses and converges.The location of the Front-Mu acupoints is similar to that of the related zang-organs and fu-organs.Among these acupoints,six on the conception vessel are unilateral acupoints and the rest are bilateral ones.Frong-Mu acupoints can be used to treat disorders of the related viscera,especially the disorder of six fu-organs.These acupoints are usually needled with the combination of Back-Shu acupoints.

The eight influential acupoints,located on the trunk,four limbs and below the knees and elbows,are the regions where essence of qi,blood,tendons,vessels,bones,marrow,zang-organs and fu-organs converge.

The crossing acupoints are those located at the intersections of two or more meridians.Most of them are located on the head,face and trunk,except a few which are located on the lower limbs.The crossing acupoints state the fact that indication of acupoints is composed of two parts,namely the four limbs and regions on the head and trunk.Clinically,these acupoints are used to treat disorders of the crossing meridians.

There are various methods for the manipulation of acupuncture and moxibustion.The action of these manipulating techniques is generally summarized as being either renforcing or reducing.The former means to strengthen body resistance while the latter means to eliminate pathogenic foctors.The therapy of acupuncture and moxibustion also involves various requirements such as accurate location of the acupoints,proper insertion of the needle,necessary retention of the needle and correct withdrawal of the needls.



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We have excellent acupuncture experts available in the state-owned community hospitals.Each expert usually has about 30-40 patients need to treat every workday.They can make accurate

diagnose according to patients'

symptom,coated tongue & pulse,treat or heal many diseases just with some small needles.The curative effect of some illnesses can be showed immediately and others can be proved within a few hours or a few days.They are very good at treating the diseases as the below:

urticri,eczema, cutaneous pruritus, skin eruptions, non healing

wounds,tennis elbow, rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis, gout,herpes zoster and sequelae,asthma,CHD(coronary heart

disease), hypertension, diabetes,HFS(facial spasm),some gynecological such as uterine fibroid and uterine fibroid,male diseases,facial paralysis

stroke, acute lumbar sprain,various joint sprains and injuries,

lumbar vertbrral disc protrusion,stiff neck,cervical spondylopathy,

scapulohumeral periarthritis, lateral epicondylitis, sciatica,prosopalgia, adductor injury,talalgia, intercostal neuralgia,kidney disease,diabetes,

gastro-enteritis,insomnia and so on.


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