TCM(traditional Chinese medicine) Treatment Guide in China

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The basic Characteristics of TCM Theoretical System

Leading in Questions

1.   Do youknow what the chareacteristics of TCM       are?

2.   How do you understand the relationship between   man and nature?

3.   Why is that TCM believes the human body is an   organc whole?

The theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has evolved in the long course of

clinical practice under the guidance of classic Chinese materialism and

dialectics.It originated from practiceand,in turn,

guides the practice.This unique theoretical system is essentially characterized by the concept of holism and

treatment based on syndrome differentiation.

Concept of holism

The concept of holism is reflection of classic Chinesematerialism and dialectics in TCM,emphasizing the

integrity of the human body and the unity between the body and its external   enviroments.The holism permeats through the physiology,pathology,diagnostics,

syndrome differentiation and the rapeutics.

The human body is regarded as an organic whole.Itsconstituent parts are inseparable in structure,

interdependent in physiology,and mutually influential in pathology.The unity of the   communication of the meridian system.Since the human body is an   organic whole,treatment of a local disease has to take the whole body into

consideration.For example,the heart opens into the tongue and is related with the small intestine   internally and externally.So,oral erosion(ulcerative stomatitis) may be clinically treated byclearing away the fire from the heart or small intestine.There are a number of the rapeutic principles in TCM developed under the   guidance of the concept of organic whole,such as “drawing yin from yang and drawing yang from yin;treatingthe right for curing   disease located on the left,treating the left for curingdisease located on the right”;”needling the acupoints on the lower part of the body for the treatment of the disease located in the upper part,and needling the acupoints on the upper part of the body for the   treatment of the diseaselocated in the lower part.”

Man lives in the natural world and the natural worldprovides man with all the necessities indispensable

to his existence.At thesame time,the changes in

nature directly or indirectly affect the human body.Take seasonal changes for example,usually   spring is marked by warmth,summer by heat,late summer by dampness, autumn by dryness and winter by cold.Under the influence of such changes,the living   things on the earth will also change to adapt to environmental variation, such as sprouting inspring,growing in summer, alternation in late summer,ripeness in autumn and storage in winter.The human body is no exception   and it also makes corresponding changes to adapt to the changing seasons.For

example,in spring and summer,yang qi goes outward and flourishes,qi and blood of the

body tend to circulate superficially,consequently leading to more sweating and less urination.And during autumn and winter,yang qi goes inward and astringes,qi and blood of the body tend to flow internally,causing less sweating   and more urination.In this way the body keeps its balance of water metabolism and avoids over consumption of yang qi.

Treatment based on syndrome differentiation

Treatment based on syndrome differentiation,

another important feature of the the oretical system of TCM,is a basic principle in TCM for understanding and treating disease.Syndrome is the generalization of the progress of a disease at

ceretain stage.Since it involves the location,

causeand nature of the disease,and the relation

between pathogenic factors and healthy qi,syndrome can comprehensively and

accurately reveal the nature of the disease.Syndrome differentiation implies that the

clinical data of a patient collected through the four examinations are

analyzed and generalized so as to indentify the pathological mechanism of the disease.Treatment means to select the coreesponding therapy according to the result of syndrome differentiation.Taken as a whole,treatment based on syndrome differentiation is a process to understand and resolve a disease.

TCM emphasizes the differentiation of syndrome,

because only when the syndrome is accurately differentiated can a correct treatment bemade.Take common cold

for example,its symptoms of fever,aversion to cold

and pain in the head and body indicate that the disease

is in the exterior.However,it is usually differentiated into two syndromes:common colddue to wind-cold and common cold due to wind-heat.For the treatment of the former syndrome in common cold,herbs pungent in taste and coolin nature areused.So accurate

differentiation of syndrome is the prerequisite for determination of a proper treatment.The core of

treatment based on syndrome differentiation is to understand the relation between the nature and manifestation of a disease.